North China refers to a region consisting of Hebei province, Shanxi province, Beijing , Tianjin , and part of Inner Mongolia . It is covered with hills, plains, and mountain terrains. The region has a marked continental monsoon climate. It is about 1,255,000 sq km of size, and has a population of 148 million (as of 2000). The Han Chinese make up the bulk of the population, and other ethnic groups include Mongol, Hui , and Manchu nationalities.
This area is rich in coal, iron, oil and natural gas, and is a well-developed industrial and agricultural base. This region is home to China's largest energy industry, and is an important steel and cotton base.